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Cover page of the Journal of Health Sciences
Year : 2023  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 111-114

Estimation of serum uric acid in patients of acute myocardial infarction

1 Department of Biochemistry, TSM Medical College and Hospital, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Anatomy, TSM Medical College and Hospital, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Physiotherapy, TSM Medical College and Hospital, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Devendra Nath Mishra
Department of Biochemistry, TSM Medical College and Hospital, Lucknow - 226 008, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_171_22

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BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI), often known as a heart attack, is a medical emergency that is the top cause of mortality for both men and women worldwide. Recent evidence suggests that it is caused by the sudden blockage of a coronary artery by a blood clot, also known as coronary thrombosis. Due to the regional impending of blood supply, heart muscles become damaged. Uric acid has been shown in large cohort studies to be an important independent risk factor for cardiovascular mortality. As serum uric acid (SUA) is an early predictor hence study will help to devise a better remedy for AMI. AIM: This study aims to study the levels of SUA in patients with AMI as compared to the control. OBJECTIVE: The primary goal of this study is to examine SUA levels in patients with AMI and to correlate uric acid levels with associated mortality in AMI. The secondary goal is to predict AMI early diagnosis, better management and treatment, and prognosis. METHODS: The current study was conducted at the department of biochemistry and the central investigation laboratory at our institute, in partnership with the department of medicine, intense cardiac care units, medical intensive care units, and emergency and private hospitals. A total of 100 patients were investigated. There were 50 instances of AMI and 50 age-matched healthy controls. The Microlab 300 analyzers (semi-autoanalyzer) were used to assess SUA concentrations, and the comparisons between the two groups were examined using an unpaired t-test. A P < 0.05 was deemed statistically significant. RESULTS: There was a substantial rise in the mean level of SUA in cases on the 0, 3rd, and 7th days were 8.503 + 2.976 mg/dl, 5.472 + 2.683 mg/dl, and 4.992 + 1.707 mg/dl day, respectively, which were higher than controls group (3.976 + 0.947 mg/dl). Comparison between control and AMI SUA on 0 and 3rd days was found to be more significant than the 7th day. There was a substantial rise in blood uric acid levels in cases when compared to healthy controls (P < 0.005). CONCLUSION: Thus, the study shows that blood uric acid levels play a significant role in the diagnosis and therapy of AMI.

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