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Cover page of the Journal of Health Sciences
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 261-269

Sociopsychological and biochemical determinants of health and disease in executive health check-up


1 Department of Hospital Administration, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, KAHER, Belagavi, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Microbiology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, KAHER, Belagavi, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Public Health, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, KAHER, Belagavi, Karnataka, India
4 BLDE University, Vijayapur, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Assit. Prof. A B Kudachi
Department of Hospital Administration, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, KAHER, Belgavi, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_259_21

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BACKGROUND: Preventive health check-ups are known to be associated with significant reductions in morbidity, mortality, and economic costs related to various diseases, especially chronic lifestyle diseases that progress silently. OBJECTIVE: The objective is to evaluate the sociopsychological and biochemical issues of health and disease in executive health check-up as well as to employ them for encouraging people to utilize the available preventive health services. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 768 individuals aged >20 years, irrespective of their gender, reporting for an executive health check-up and evaluated their demographic profile, morbidity, type of family, diet and socioeconomic status, biochemical profiling, and sociopsychological features. The data were statistically analyzed using correlations among different variables by Karl Pearson's correlation coefficient method. P < 0.05 and 0.001 indicated statistical significance. RESULTS: The participants had a mean age of 48.24 ± 12.84 years and a Male and Female ratio of nearly 2:1. The demographic parameters showed a significant association with the different levels of biochemical parameters (P < 0.05/0.001). CONCLUSION: There exist significant correlations between sociopsychological, and biochemical determinants of health and disease in executive health check-up. These incite the need for utilizing preventive/precautionary health services and early detection of disease status is speculative. There is uncertainty among the public and health-care professionals in utilizing these preventive health-care services in a beneficial, judicious, as well as in cost-effective manner.


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