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Cover page of the Journal of Health Sciences
REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 204-210

Immunological characteristics of CoVID-19 and its implications


1 Department of Biochemistry, Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, MGM Medical College and LSK Hospital, Kishanganj, Bihar, India
3 Department of Pharmacy, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani – Hyderabad Campus, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
4 Department of Critical Care Medicine, Critical Care Unit, Centro Policlinico del Olaya, Bogota; Center of Biomedical Research, Universidad de Cartagena, Cartagena; Colombian Clinical Research Group in Neurocritical Care, Bogota, Colombia
5 Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India
6 Department of Neurosurgery, General University Hospital, Valencia, Spain
7 Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Amrita Ghosh
Department of Biochemistry, Medical College, 88 College Street, Kolkata - 700 073, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_126_22

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CoVID-19 is the most formidable unequaled global challenge invading 220 countries and territories in this millennium to uncountable saga of mortality, disability as humanity is witnessing devastation of socio-economy with more than 4 million deaths till date. The natural history of CoVID-19 from transmission through varied clinical features to overt complications is still under global research and research groups are on the run to trace its ramifications. This ranges from primary involvement of the pulmonary system to multisystem involvement through web of immunological pathways associated with susceptibility, clinical presentations, and severity of COVID-19. It has been hypothesized that the safe and effective mass vaccination program across the globe can ensure flattening of the pandemic curve to prepandemic normal life. This research group explored the basic and applied researches on molecular and immune mechanisms of SARS COV-2 virus. A sincere attempt has been made in futuristic research vision to find potential strengths, shortfalls, and efficacy of the plant-based immunotherapy, antibodies, and vaccine. Different research groups have hypothesized for the best possible use of these indigenous, stable, secure, efficacious natural products by searching their potential to accomplish emergency demands in this trying time. There is an urgent need to understand the inherent immunological predictors of the natural history of the disease spread over the spectrum from mild to severe forms of the disease and harp on these issues. In the wake of multiple waves with worse situations of evolving clinical features with the “variants of concern” and “variants of interest” and innovative interventions, this research group believes in optimum mix of microbial-derived biologicals with immune modifying drugs will broaden the preventive and curative spectrum.


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