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Cover page of the Journal of Health Sciences
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 143-146

Prevalence of chronic periodontitis among the residents of PHC in Belagavi and its association with systemic disease – A cross-sectional study

1 Department of Public Health, JNMC, KAHER, Belagavi, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Oral Medicine, VKIDS, KAHER, Belagavi, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Dronesh Chettri
Department of Public Health, JNMC, KAHER, Belagavi, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_209_21

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BACKGROUND: Chronic periodontitis is much more common than the general public realizes. In the US, about 80% of adults have at least one attachment loss site and about 35% of the population suffers from severe chronic periodontitis. Surprisingly, only a small portion of this population seeks periodontal care. In terms of oral health treatment, India has a lot of inequalities, and periodontitis affects 95% of the population. In rural areas, the dentist-to-population ratio of about 1:200000 necessitates the development of dental infrastructure at the primary health-care level. Periodontitis affects about 20%–50% of the global population. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis was done to determine the spread of chronic periodontitis and its association with systemic disease. A total number of 146 individuals comprising of both sexes ≥40 years of age were selected from two areas in Vantmuri, Belagavi. Age, sex, family history, smoking and alcohol habits, systemic disease, etc., were recorded by giving a questionnaire. The investigation was done to assess body mass index, BOP, CAL, DMFT, OHI, etc., Chronic periodontitis was assessed along with its association with systemic disease. The information collected was entered into Microsoft Excel and evaluated with the help of SPSS 26. RESULTS: It was evident from the sample population that periodontal disease (41.78%) was highly prevalent. Periodontitis was found to be significantly correlated with age, cigarette/beedi smoking (regular), and OHI scores among study participants (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: More research into the underlying mechanisms and risk factors of chronic periodontitis, as well as its link to systemic diseases, is required.

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