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Cover page of the Journal of Health Sciences
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 126-130

Effectiveness of music therapy on anxiety among antenatal mothers with pregnancy-induced hypertension

1 Department of Nursing, Lady Hardinge Medical college and Associated Hospital, New Delhi, India
2 Faculty of Nursing, Rajkumari Amrit Kaur College of Nursing, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Nursing, Indian Railway Health Services, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shatrughan Pareek
Department of Nursing, Indian Railway Health Services, Bikaner, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_178_21

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BACKGROUND: Every pregnancy is special and each and every pregnant woman must receive special care. It was estimated, by the WHO that deaths due to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy represented 13% of all maternal deaths. The study was conducted with an aim to assess the effect of music therapy on anxiety among antenatal mothers with pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A true experimental research approach with Pretest posttest control group design was adopted for the study. Simple random sampling technique was applied to select 60 participants (30 experimental and 30 controls) but assignment of participants to the respective group was done through odd and even methods. Data was collected by using standardized Speilberger's state trait anxiety inventory and structured observation schedule for demographic data and clinical profile. RESULTS: The present study investigated that in the experiment group, mean anxiety scores in pretest and posttest were 55.23 ± 9.09 and 27.53 ± 4.56 respectively. While in control group, pretest mean anxiety score was 50.73 ± 9.34 and the posttest score was 43.53 ± 8.4. Furthermore, the obtained “t” value was 9.17 with P < 0.00001 which indicated that music therapy was significantly effective in reducing the anxiety scores among pregnant women. In addition, posttest anxiety scores have no significant association with age (P = 0.51), parity (P = 0.82), and period of gestation (P = 0.06). CONCLUSION: Music therapy is effective in reducing anxiety of antenatal mothers with PIH. The therapy can be implemented in clinical settings to decline the levels of anxiety among women with PIH.

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