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Cover page of the Journal of Health Sciences
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 6-11

Diabetes mellitus and periodontal disease

Department of Periodontics, KLEU's VK Institute of Dental Sciences, Belgaum, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Renuka Metgud
Department of Periodontics, KLEU's VK Institute of Dental Sciences, Belgaum, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2349-5006.135022

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Diabetes mellitus, caused by the malfunction of insulin - dependent glucose and lipid metabolism, presents with the classic triad of symptoms: Polydipsia, polyuria, and polyphagia. Complications include retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy, and cardiovascular disease. Periodontal diseases are infections affecting the periodontium and resulting in the loss of tooth support. There exists a bidirectional relationship between diabetes and periodontal disease as well as its complications. This article reviews the pathophysiology, the possible mechanisms that increase the severity of periodontal disease in diabetes and the periodontal management of diabetic patients.

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